pachai maamalai pol mene

Friday, March 24, 2017

Musings 29



Being humble is not exactly following dharma. 
A judge or policeman or even a king or a parent cannot be humble always. 
Humility has very little to do with following dharma. 
We cannot afford to be humble when righteousness is trampled upon.

And no law or dharma ever demands such subservience nor following the unjust majority

We have to follow our dharma whether others follow it or not. 
A rose plant will give rose flowers alone even if it is planted in a desert
And the plant will bloom till it dies of heat and lack of water But it will not produce watermelon 
If each individual tries to dilute his moral standards because others are not upto the mark then there will be no dharma left and ultimately all will perish

Thursday, March 02, 2017

Saammanasya Sooktham




Saammanasya Sooktham
Atharvavedam.. Chapter 3 Sooktham 33
This is the benediction Athrvan representing the supreme being is conferring on all of use human beings.. exhorting us to live in harmony.. 



This is similar to the Aikamatya Sooktham in the tenth mandalam of Rigvedam.. of course the wording and even tone her is different from rig vedam but the underlying idea is Saammanasyam or unity of purpose and unity in action..

सहृदयम् सांमनस्यमविद्वेषं कृणोमि वः।
अन्यो अन्यमभि हर्यन्त वत्सम् जातमिवध्न्या॥ १
अनुव्रतः पितुः पुत्रो मात्रो भवतु संमनाः।
जाया पत्ये मधुमतीम् वाचम् वदतु शान्तिवाम्॥२
मा भ्राता भ्रातरम् द्विक्षन्मा स्वसारमुत स्वसा।
सम्यञ्चः सव्रता भूत्वा वाचम् वचत भद्रया॥३
येन देवा न वियन्ति नो च विद्विषते मिथुः।
तत् कृण्मो ब्रह्म वो गृहे संज्ञानम् पुरुषेभ्यः॥४
ज्यायस्वन्तश्चित्तिनो मा वि यौष्ट संराध्यन्तः सधुराश्चरन्तः।
अन्यौ अन्यस्मै वल्गु वदन्त एत सध्रीचीनान् वः संमनसस्कृणोमि॥५
समानी प्रपा सह वोऽन्नभागः समानी योक्त्रे सह वो युनज्मि।
सम्यञ्जोऽगनि सपर्यतारा नाभिमिवाभितः॥६
सधीचीनान् वः संमनसस्कृणोम्येकश्नुष्ठीन्त्संवननेन सर्वान्।
देवा इवामृतम् रक्षमाणाः सायम्प्रातः सौमनसः वो अस्तु॥७
सांमनस्य सूक्तम् अथर्ववेदे अध्यायः ३ सूक्तम् ३०
अथर्व ऋषिः सांमनस्यो देवता अनुष्ठुप् जगती तृष्ठुप् च्छन्दांसि

sahṛdayam sāṁmanasyamavidveṣaṁ kṛṇomi vaḥ|
anyo anyamabhi haryanta vatsam jātamivadhnyā|| 1
anuvrataḥ pituḥ putro mātro bhavatu saṁmanāḥ|
jāyā patye madhumatīm vācam vadatu śāntivām||2
mā bhrātā bhrātaram dvikṣanmā svasāramuta svasā|
samyañcaḥ savratā bhūtvā vācam vacata bhadrayā||3
yena devā na viyanti no ca vidviṣate mithuḥ|
tat kṛṇmo brahma vo gṛhe saṁjñānam puruṣebhyaḥ||4
jyāyasvantaścittino mā vi yauṣṭa saṁrādhyantaḥ sadhurāścarantaḥ|
anyau anyasmai valgu vadanta eta sadhrīcīnān vaḥ saṁmanasaskṛṇomi||5
samānī prapā saha vo'nnabhāgaḥ samānī yoktre saha vo yunajmi|
samyañjo'gani saparyatārā nābhimivābhitaḥ||6
sadhīcīnān vaḥ saṁmanasaskṛṇomyekaśnuṣṭhīntsaṁvananena sarvān|
devā ivāmṛtam rakṣamāṇāḥ sāyamprātaḥ saumanasaḥ vo astu||7
sāṁmanasya sūktam atharvavede adhyāyaḥ 3 sūktam 30
atharva ṛṣiḥ sāṁmanasyo devatā anuṣṭhup jagatī tṛṣṭhup cchandāṁsi

Meaning

1.You people who are indulging in mutual acrimony, just for your welfare I am proposing the remove all the issued which can generate adverse debate and enmity among you and would encourage you to indulge in activities with utmost unity of mind.. 
All of you must work in harmony and mutual love attached one another in the same way as the cows always love their calves..

2.May every son be in agreement with his father and obey him in all respects 
May the mother have identical thoughts like the son. 
May the wife always speak sweet words to the husband and may the relationship between husband and wife be peaceful

3.May there be no enmity among brothers.. 
May there be no enimity among sisters. 
May a brother be of the same mind and absolutely devoted to his brothers and may all of them engage in activities in mutual accord.. 
May they all speak in harmony.. 
May they all act in harmoy.

4. I am conferring on you the Sammanasyam or Unity of mind to you invoking the powers of the mantras which are enabling the gods in heaven exist without difference of opinion, and which are ever prompting them to remain without any enmity towards one another

5. May you all live in unity with identity of views and opinions, and be united in purposeful actions admitting the basic difference between individuals and at the same time acting together understanding and accommodating the differences, speaking to one another in the sweetest and most amiable words.
You human beings, please take note that when you are acting unitedly I am also working with you and supporting you in all your endeavours..

6.You humans, who are desirous of living with a lot of co operation and equality, may you partake in your food and drink together sharing them equally and fairly.. I bind you all with the noose of love. Just as the axis of a cart wheel depends for its functioning on its radial node at its centre, and the proper alignment at the centre alone can make the wheels roll on properly, may you all be having as your centre focus for guidance the Agni. And by the benevolence of that Agni may you all live in welfare..

7.I am blessing you all to remain as of common accord in all thoughts and actions with united hearts.
I am keeping you by this very same action, under a magical spell of mutual unity.
Just as the Gods in Heaven starting from Indra who guard the Amrutam or nectar there act in complete unison, may your minds too work in complete agreement and without discord in the mornings, evenings and all times.. May all your minds be beautiful..

Saturday, February 25, 2017

Meditation on that Infinite being called Rudra



Meditation on that Infinite being called Rudra

अथात्मानम् शिवात्मानम् रुद्ररूपम् ध्यायेत् 
शुद्धस्फटिकसङ्काशम् त्रिनेत्रम् पञ्चवक्त्रकम्।
गङ्गाधरम् दशभुजम् सर्वाभरण भूषितम्। 
नीलग्रीवम् शशाङ्काङ्कम् नागयज्ञोपवीतिनम्।
व्याघ्रचर्मोत्तरीयम् च वरेण्यमभयप्रदम्॥
कमण्डल्वक्षसूत्राणाम् धारिणम् शूलपाणिनम्।
ज्वलन्तम् पिङ्गलजटम् शिखामध्योद धारिणम्॥
वृषस्कन्धसमारूढम् उमादेहार्ध धारिणम्।
अमृतेनाप्ळुतम् शान्तम् दिव्यभोग समन्वितम्॥
दिग्देवता समायुक्तम् सुरासुर नमस्कृतम्।
नित्यम् च शाश्वतम् शुद्धम् ध्रुवमक्षरमव्ययम्।
सर्वव्यापिनमीशानम् रुद्रम् वै विश्वरूपिनम् 
एवम् ध्यात्वा द्विजस्सम्यक् ततो यजनमारभेत्॥
athātmānam śivātmānam rudrarūpam dhyāyet 
śuddhasphaṭikasaṅkāśam trinetram pañcavaktrakam|
gaṅgādharam daśabhujam sarvābharaṇa bhūṣitam| 
nīlagrīvam śaśāṅkāṅkam nāgayajñopavītinam|
vyāghracarmottarīyam ca vareṇyamabhayapradam||
kamaṇḍalvakṣasūtrāṇām dhāriṇam śūlapāṇinam|
jvalantam piṅgalajaṭam śikhāmadhyoda dhāriṇam||
vṛṣaskandhasamārūḍham umādehārdha dhāriṇam|
amṛtenāpḻutam śāntam divyabhoga samanvitam||
digdevatā samāyuktam surāsura namaskṛtam|
nityam ca śāśvatam śuddham dhruvamakṣaramavyayam|
sarvavyāpinamīśānam rudram vai viśvarūpinam 
evam dhyātvā dvijassamyak tato yajanamārabhet ||
athAtmAnam shivAtmAnam rudrarUpam dhyAyet 
shuddhasphaTikasa~NkAsham trinetram pa~ncavaktrakam.
ga~NgAdharam dashabhujam sarvAbharaNa bhUSitam. 
nIlagrIvam shashA~NkA~Nkam nAgayaj~nopavItinam.
vyAghracarmottarIyam ca vareNyamabhayapradam..
kamaNDalvakSasUtrANAm dhAriNam shUlapANinam.
jvalantam pi~NgalajaTam shikhAmadhyoda dhAriNam..
vRRiSaskandhasamArUDham umAdehArdha dhAriNam.
amRRitenaapLutam shAntam divyabhoga samanvitam..
digdevatA samAyuktam surAsura namaskRRitam.
nityam ca shAshvatam shuddham dhruvamakSaramavyayam.
sarvavyApinamIshAnam rudram vai vishvarUpinam 
evam dhyAtvA dvijassamyak tato yajanamArabhet ..

On this day of Shiva.. rather Night of Shiva.. the Shivaratri, abhishekam with water and all fragrant, nutritious and sacred materials is offered to the Lord during all the four Yaamaas..
. starting at 6PM then 9 PM, 12 Midnight and finally 3 AM next day..

Oil, Milk Curd Panchgavyam, Panchamritam, Lemon Juice, Sugarcane Juice, Sandal and Scented Water, Ghee, etc are offered to Him as Abhishekam

The continuous abhishekam is done chanting Sri Rudram of Shatarudreeyam... the holiest of the mantras on the lord of lords Rudra that Vedas can offer.. 
In fact the mantram starts with a pranam to Rudra.. 
Om Namo bhagavate Rudraya.. 
ॐ नमो भगवते रुद्राय 
the veda itself offers pranams to that Supreme Lord Rudra..

The chanting of that holy mantra and offering respects to the Lord through that mantra is to be preceded by observation of intense discipline by the chanter.. 
Bodhyana explains how one should become one with Shiva Himself and meditate on his form as a prelude to the start of the yajna that is chanting and abhishekam to the Lord with SriRudram

One should just fix in himself the faith that the sacred form of Lord Rudra has merged with himself and then start chanting..

The form and various attributes of the lord

He is shining with the blemishless lustre of clear crystal
He is having three eyes. Sun Moon and Fire
He is having five faces... Sadhyojatha, Tatpurusha,Vamadeva, Aghora and Eaashan 
He carried River Devi Ganga in his matted locks 
He is having ten arms
He has decorated himself with ornaments of splendour

His neck is of dark blue colour 
He is having the moon as an ornament 
He is wearing a snake at yajnopaveetam or thread across the torso
He is having the skin of a tiger as the upper garment across his body
He is the most respectable God among all gods..
He is ever pleased to grant refuge to all devotees..

He is holding a water pot Kamandalu in one hand
He is holding Akshamaala or rosary in another hand
He is holding a trident Shoolam
He is shining with a fountain of water sprounting from the middle of his matted hair

He has mounted the back of a huge bull Vrishabha 
He is having half of His own body occupied by mother Uma 
He is floating Himself in Ambrosia.. the Amrutham
He is very peaceful and calm
He is in a state of mind where his is just enjoying all the pleasures of the world

He is surrounded by the lords of all the Cardinal directions.. Indra, Agni, Yama, Niruriti, Varuna, Vayu, Kubera and Brahma 
All the divine beings are offering pranmas to Him
He is the eternal being
He is present in the past present and the future too for ever
He is pure in absolute terms
He is very fixed in his stature and will 
He is without any destruction or dimunition 
His glory can never be depleted

He is spreading himself all over the universe and everywhere
He is having all the powers of will and control over everything manifest and unmanifest 
He is the Rudra.. the one who Cries and one who shouts.. cries in agony and ecstacy
He is the Vishvaroopi.. His shape is that of everything in this universe and everything in this universe just manifests in His form.

The learned man should meditate upon Rudra the Shankara in the above aspects and start the yajnam of offering ablutions to the Lord with Shri Rudram..

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

That immaculate Linga..



That immaculate Linga..

आपाताळनभःस्थलान्तभुवन ब्रह्माण्डमाविस्फुरत्
ज्योतिः स्फाटिकलिङ्गमौळिविलसत् पूर्णेन्दुवान्तामृतैः। 
अस्तोकाप्लुतमेकमीशमनिशं रुद्रानुवाकान्जपन्
ध्यायेदीप्सितसिद्धये द्रुतपदं विप्रोऽभिषिञ्चेच्चिवम्॥ 
āpātāḻanabhaḥsthalāntabhuvana brahmāṇḍamāvisphurat
jyotiḥ sphāṭikaliṅgamauḻivilasat pūrṇenduvāntāmṛtaiḥ | 
astokāplutamekamīśamaniśaṁ rudrānuvākānjapan | 
dhyāyedīpsitasiddhaye drutapadaṁ vipro'bīṣinceccivam ||


आपाताळनभःस्थलान्तभुवन ब्रह्माण्डमाविस्फुरत्
ज्योतिः 
with the jyothi or resplendance which brightens and radiates all over the universe from paataalam to the high skies which consist of the immaculate egg created by Brahma (Brahmanda), 
स्फाटिकलिङ्गमौळिविलसत् पूर्णेन्दुवान्तामृतैः 
manifesting in the shape of a huge linga of crystal whose head is shining with full moon and amrutha or nectar oozing from it 
अस्तोकाप्लुतमेकमीशमनिशं 
that one and only Easa the Shankara who is without any destruction and who is floating in griefless ecstacy 
द्रुतपदं रुद्रानुवाकान्जपन् chanting the eleven anuvakas of Sri Rudram with words in quick succession 
ध्यायेदीप्सितसिद्धये विप्रोऽभिषिञ्चेच्चिवम् the learned person should meditate upon Shiva and offer abhishekam or bath with holy waters to the Lord, so that the worshipper will be granted all that he desires.

The learned devotee who is desirous of being blessed with all that he years for 
should chant the anuvakas of Shatarudriya or Srirudram 
with the words uttered in quick succession 
and meditate upon Shiva

Who is shining forth with the splendour which radiates all over the universe which extends to the farther ends of Brahmanda encompassing the lowest paathaalam to the high skies..

Who is manifesting in the shape of a huge linga of Crystal .(which pervades the whole universe). 
the head of the lingam is adorned with the full moon who is oozing forth amrutha or nectar (bathing the whole brahmanda with resplendance)

The one and only Easa the Shankara who is without any comparison , 
who is eternal and without destruction, 
and who is floating in the eternal ectacy without any tinge of grief ever

there is one alternate word ध्रुवपदं for द्रुतपदं as seen in some versions of the above sloka which is one of the dhyaana slokas of Lord Shiva chanted at the start of offering Abhishekam to Shiva chanting Srirudram..

ध्रुवपदं the stauts of Dhruva.. meaning unshakeable and very fixed.. or alternately the North (east) direction of Eaashaana.. as the Ashtadikpaala.

the Rudras...




the Rudras... 


ब्रह्माण्डव्याप्तदेहा भसितहिमरुचा भासमाना भुजङ्गैः
कण्ठे कालाः कपर्दाः कलित शशिकलाश्चण्डकोदण्डहस्ताः। 
त्र्यक्षा रुद्राक्षमाला प्रकटितविभवाः शांभवा मूर्तिभेदाः 
रुद्राः श्रीरुद्रसूक्तप्रकटितविभवाः नः प्रयच्छन्तु सौख़्यम्॥
brahmāṇḍavyāptadehā bhasitahimarucā bhāsamānā bhujaṅgaiḥ 
kaṇṭhe kālāḥ kapardāḥ kalita śaśikalāścaṇḍakodaṇḍahastāḥ | 
tryakṣā rudrākṣamālāḥ prakaṭitavibhavāḥ śāṁbhavā mūrtibhedāḥ 
rudrāḥ śrīrudrasūktaprakaṭitavibhavāḥ naḥ prayaccantu sauyam ||


this is one of the three invocatory prayers as a preface to Chanting SriRudram ...or Shatarudriyam of Krishnayajurvedam 

May the various forms of Shambu which are the (eleven ) Rudras who manifest themselves in all their glory when praised by the Shatarudriyam or Rudrasooktha bless us with welfare and eternal Grace of Shiva.

The innumerable glories of the forms of Shambu the Rudra described in the above prayer are 

The forms of Rudra the Shambu are spread all over the length and breadth of the universe.. the brahmaanda 

The forms of Rudra the Shambu are shining with the sparkling whiteness of (the Himalayan) snow

The forms of Rudra the Shambu are sparkling with venomous snakes crawling all around their bodies

The forms of Rudra the Shambu are pitch dark at their throat areas (with the solidified poison Halahala stuck there)

The forms of Rudra the Shambu are having their hair tied in the shape of thick matted locks 

The forms of Rudra the Shambu are decorated with the crescent of the moon

The forms of Rudra the Shambu are having fierce and huge bow and arrow held in the hands 

The forms of Rudra the Shambu are having three eyes (representing the Sun Moon and the Fire )

The forms of Rudra the Shambu are accentuated by the garlands made of Rudraksha seeds 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
word analysis 

ब्रह्माण्डव्याप्तदेहा the forms of Shambu which are spread all over the length and breadth of the universe.. the brahmaanda 
भसितहिमरुचा shining with the sparkling whiteness of (the Himalayan) snow
भुजङ्गैःभासमाना sparkling with venomous snakes crawling all around the body
कण्ठे कालाः pitch dark at the throat area (with the solidified poison Halahala stuck there)
कपर्दाः having hair tied in the shape of thick matted locks 
कलित शशिकला decorated with the crescent of the moon 
चण्डकोदण्डहस्ताः fierce and huge bow and arrow held in the hands 
त्र्यक्षा having three eyes 
रुद्राक्षमाला प्रकटितविभवाः the greatness of the forms accentuated by the garlands made of rudraksha seeds 
शांभवा मूर्तिभेदाः the various forms of Shambhu the Shivaa 
श्रीरुद्रसूक्तप्रकटितविभवाः रुद्राः the (eleven ) Rudras who manifest themselves in all their glory when praised by the Shatarudriyam or Rudrasooktha 
नः सौख्यं प्रयच्छन्तु may bless us with welfare and eternal Grace of Shiva.

THE UNIVERSAL FORM OF THE LORD OF LORDS SHANKARA.

THE UNIVERSAL FORM OF THE LORD OF LORDS SHANKARA.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(We mediate on this form of the Lord at the time of Chanting Sri Rudram or Shatarudreeyam..)
पीठं यस्य धरित्री जलधरकलशं लिङ्गमाकाशमूर्तिम्
नक्षत्रं पुष्पमाल्यं ग्रहगणकुसुमं चन्द्रवह्न्यर्कनेत्रम्।
कुक्षिः सप्तसमुद्रं भुजगिरिशिखरं सप्तपाताळपादम्
वेदं वक्त्रं षडङ्गं दशदिश वसनं दिव्यलिङ्गं नमामि॥
pīṭhaṁ yasya dharitrī jaladharakalaśaṁ liṅgamākāśamūrtim
nakṣatraṁ puṣpamālyaṁ grahagaṇakusumaṁ candravahnyarkanetram|
kukṣiḥ saptasamudraṁ bhujagiriśikharaṁ saptapātāḻapādam
vedaṁ vaktraṁ ṣaḍaṅgaṁ daśadiśa vasanaṁ divyaliṅgaṁ namāmi||
piiThaM yasya dharitrii jaladharakalashaM li~NgamaakaashamUrtim
nakSatraM puSpamaalyaM grahagaNakusumaM chandravahnyarkanetram.
kukSiH saptasamudraM bhujagirishikharaM saptapaataaLapaadam
vedaM vaktraM SaDa~NgaM dashadisha vasanaM divyali~NgaM namaami..
लिङ्गमाकाशमूर्तिम् दिव्यलिङ्गं नमामि यस्य पीठं धरित्री जलधरकलशं यस्य पुष्पमाल्यं नक्षत्रं ग्रहगणकुसुमं चन्द्रवह्न्यर्कनेत्रम् यस्य कुक्षिः सप्तसमुद्रं भुजगिरिशिखरं सप्तपाताळपादम्
यस्य वक्त्रं षडङ्गं वेदं दशदिश वसनं
I offer pranams to that Divine Linga ( The Lord of Lords Shiva the Shankara 
whose form is spread in transperant form all over the Sky,
whose seat is the whole earth,
whose waterpot is the collection of clouds laden with water, whose flower garland is the collection of stars with planets as flowers,
whose three eyes are the Moon, the Sun and the Fire,
whose belly is the seven seas (see Note 1 below),
whose arms are the peaks of the mountains spread over the earth, whose legs are the seven Paathaalaas or the worlds below the earth.. (atala, vitala, sutala, rasatala, talaatala, mahaatala, paataala),
whose mouth is the Vedas (Rk, Yajus, Sama Atharva) along with their six limbs ( chanda, vyakarana, kalpa, jyotisha, niruktha and sheeksha)
and whose clothes are just the ten directions [east, south east, south, south west, west, north west, north , north east, up ( the sky) and down.. below the earth]
Note 1.
--------
Seven Islands and the Seven seas surrounding them according to Vishnupuranam and Devibhagavatham..
According to our puranic lore, the earth consists of seven islands, which are in turn surrounded by seven oceans..
They are.. Jambudvipa.. (our own land ).. surrounded by Lavana or salt waters.
Plakshadvipa.. surrounded by waters of cane juice. Ikshu 
Kusha dveepa Surrounded by waters of Ghee Sarpi 
Krauncha Dveepa Surrounded by waters of curd.. Dadhi
Saka Dveepa… Surrounded by waters of Milk… Ksheera
Saalmalee Dveepa ..Surrounded by water of liquor…Suraa
Pushkara Dveepa … Surrounded by pure waters or Suddhodaka..

Friday, February 17, 2017

Krishna demands a present from Kuchela.....




Krishna demands a present from Kuchela.....
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The story of Krishna and His friend Sudhaama the Kuchela has always fascinated me.. 
Even after reading in many times from Sriimad Bhagavatam, every time one reads it, there is a lump in the throat and the eyes overflow with tears.. of grief, love, ecstasy.. one is not sure..

Krishna and Sudhama an indigent brahmin were classmates in the school of Sage Sandeepani.. and they were very close to each other as boys.. 

After schooling they parted ways,, 
The prince Krishna to rule over Dvaaraka in all Royal Splendour 
and 
Sudhama settled with an equally indigent wife and was eking out a livelihood through vedic practices and receiving presents in the process of vedic rituals and congregations for chanting divine names and so on.. 

The brahmin, as is usual with most brahmins, was not a smart one in the worldly affairs, and he could earn so little that he could not even provide food for his family consisting of his wife Susheela and a wealth of children numbering more than two dozens..

They were pulling on.. 
but life was becoming more and more unbearable.. 

Sudhaama did not have good clothes to wear, and so he was always attired in tattered garments and gained the additional name of Kuchela which stuck to him and his original name was almost forgotten..

Though very poor in worldly wealth, 
he was rich in his devotion to God,, 
and he was always profuse in praising his boyhood friend Krishna.

But it never occurred to him that a call or even a message to his dear friend would have made a lot of difference to his wordly state of affairs..

The brahmin lady, as is usual with every housewife in India over centuries, just suffered everything silently, without finding fault with her naive husband.. 

But hunger is a major issue..

It is especially true when you have to find material to fill a lot of stomachs.. 

So the lady suggested to her husband that he should pay a visit to his boyhood friend.. 

The idea did not sound appealing to Kuchela at first.. 

He could not bring himself to present himself before Krishna in the present condition.. 

He was also apprehensive that the Royal Highness Krishna would not remember such an old museum piece the brahmin was.. 

He also doubted whether he would get an audience with Krishna even if he visited Dvaraka..

But Susheela was persistent.. 

And seeing her misery and the hunger of the children, the brahmin half-heartedly agreed to pay a visit to Dvaaraka..

But then he asked, "What shall I take to Krishna as a present?"

There was nothing of value available in the household..
Even grain was scarce.. 

The lady managed to borrow a little quantity of rice from a neighbhour, and made an attempt to pound it with a mortar and pestle..

The lady was helpless and weak and her best efforts to make pounded rice ( Aval) was only partially successful.. 

She did not have any container to pack the mixture or pounded and unpounded rice, 
and so she tore off a piece of cloth from the saree she wore and packed the semi pounded rice as a bundle and handed over the same to her husband..

The husband carried the small bundle held fast to his armpit and proceeded by foot to Dvaraka..

Krishna was sitting in his palace in the company of Rukmani and just watching the passers by along the royal thoroughfare..

He saw a thin old and gnarled brahmin, walking with slow and unsure strides towards the palace,
 and immediately recognised his long time friend and classmate.. 

He ran down the road shoe-less and partially clothed to receive the friend in an embrace and took him to the palace..

The brahmin was comfortably seated, offered respects like washing of feet which are due to any guest.. 

The brahmin was sitting in the throne and Krishna was seated on the floor beside him.. 

And Rugmani was swaying the fan for him..

The Lord knew that his friend has come to him prodded by his sincere but suffering wife,..

Usually we take presents to God, and offer them to Him with a lot of devotion.. 
We do not know really whether God receives our presents or not..

But Krishna asks Kuchela, " My dear friend, what have you brought as present for me?"

This scene is described poignantly in Srimad Bhagavatha Puranam, Dashama Skandham, Chapter 81 in the following slokas..

श्री भगवानुवाच--
किमुपायनमानीतम् ब्रह्मन् मे भवता गृहात्।
अण्वप्युपहृतम् भक्तैः प्रेम्णा भूर्येव मे भवेत्।
भूर्यप्यभक्तोपहृतम् न मे तोषाय कल्पते॥३।
पत्रम् पुष्पम् फलम् तोयम् यो मे भक्त्या प्रयच्छति 
तदहम् भक्त्युपहृतमश्नामि प्रयतात्मना॥४
इत्युक्तोऽपि द्विजस्तस्मै व्रीडितः पतये श्रियः
पृथुकप्रसृतिम् राजन् न प्रायच्चदवाङ्मुखः॥५
पत्न्या पतिव्रतायास्तु सखा प्रियचिकीर्षया 
प्राप्तो मामस्य दास्यामि सम्पदोऽमर्त्यदुर्लभाः॥६
इत्थम् विचिन्त्य वसनाच्चीरबद्धान्द्विजन्मनः
स्वयम् जहार किमिदमिति पृथुकतण्डुलान्॥७
नन्वेतदुपनीतम् मे परमप्रीणनम् सखे 
तर्पयत्यङ्ग माम् विश्वमेते पृथुकतण्डुलाः॥८
इति मुष्ठिम् सकृत्जग्ध्वा द्वितीयम् जग्धुमाददे
तावच्छ्रीर्जगृहे हस्तम् तत्परा परमेष्ठिनः॥९
एतावतालम् विश्वात्मन् सर्वसम्पत्समृद्धये
अस्मिन्ल्लोकेऽथवामुष्मिन् पुंसस्त्वत्तोषकारणम्॥१०
॥श्रीमद् भागवते दशमस्कन्धे एकाशीतितमोऽध्याये। ८१॥
śrī bhagavānuvāca--
kimupāyanamānītam brahman me bhavatā gṛhāt|
aṇvapyupahṛtam bhaktaiḥ premṇā bhūryeva me bhavet|
bhūryapyabhaktopahṛtam na me toṣāya kalpate||3|
patram puṣpam phalam toyam yo me bhaktyā prayacchati 
tadaham bhaktyupahṛtamaśnāmi prayatātmanā||4
ityukto'pi dvijastasmai vrīḍitaḥ pataye śriyaḥ
pṛthukaprasṛtim rājan na prāyaccadavāṅmukhaḥ||5
patnyā pativratāyāstu sakhā priyacikīrṣayā 
prāpto māmasya dāsyāmi sampado'martyadurlabhāḥ||6
ittham vicintya vasanāccīrabaddhāndvijanmanaḥ
svayam jahāra kimidamiti pṛthukataṇḍulān||7
nanvetadupanītam me paramaprīṇanam sakhe 
tarpayatyaṅga mām viśvamete pṛthukataṇḍulāḥ||8
iti muṣṭhim sakṛtjagdhvā dvitīyam jagdhumādade
tāvacchrīrjagṛhe hastam tatparā parameṣṭhinaḥ||9
etāvatālam viśvātman sarvasampatsamṛddhaye
asminlloke'thavāmuṣmin puṁsastvattoṣakāraṇam||10
||śrīmad bhāgavate daśamaskandhe ekāśītitamo'dhyāye| 81||

The Glorious Lord said..
" Oh worthy brahmin, what have you brought for me from your own house?
Even if a very insignificant( the size of an Anu.. atom) present is made to me by my devotees with deep love that becomes very splendid and of infinitely large quantity for me. 
And even large quantities of presents offered to me by those who are not devoted to me would never please me.. 
Even if a leaf, a single flower, a little fruit, a few drops of water, are offered to me with devotion, I accept them and partake in them with full satisfaction.."

But overcome by shame at the thought of the insignificant bundle of semipounded rice brought by him, the brahmin did not offer the bundle to the Lord who is the Master of the Goddess of Wealth herself 
( Maybe the brahmin was in a dilemma.. how to give that insignificant offering to the wealthiest person in the universe). The brahmin sat there immobile with bowed head..

Then the Lord thought.. 
" This friend has come on a visit to me as requested by his devoted wife who desired the welfare of a friend of His.. 
I shall endow him with wealth that is not attainable even by Gods."

And the Lord just snatched the cloth bundle from his friend, opened it and took a handful of that semi-pounded rice and ate it.. 
And He was about to take the second handful, when the Goddess of wealth Lakshmi, who was present there as Rugmani held the hands of Krishna preventing him from eating the second handful..

The Goddess of Wealth did this because, even when Krishna had eaten the first serve, all the welfare and wealth that could suffice for any being has been granted to Sudhaama and if the second serve was eaten then She would lose the Lord to the control of that devotee.. and She did not want to lose Her Krishna.


The brahmin was just feeling the ecstasy of the company of his lifelong friend, and after some time he took leave and started his journey back home.. 

He did not even remember the purpose for which he had come on a visit.. 
Krishna also did not ask about the purpose of his visit.. 

The lord was perhaps assuming that a good old friend had come on a visit to have a recap of old happy times at school..

But when Sudhama reached his house, he found that a huge palace with all spledour stood in the place of his old dilapidated home, and his family members were all in royal attire, ready to received this man, who still was wearing tattered clothes..

There is nothing surprising in reading that Krishna helped his old classmate with a lot of wealth..

But the gesture of the Lord in snatching the tattered cloth bundle containing semipounded rice from his friend is an eternal testimony to the fact that a devotee is everything to Him and he is always eager to receive even petty offering with hearts filled with devotion.

Wednesday, February 15, 2017

nothing can be greater than my India ...



In a spiritual group in whatsapp, a friend while responding to some message posted the pranam emoticon and the Indian Tricolour emoticon too..

But perhaps he thought that the Indian tricolour emoticon was wrong there and posted a "sorry "and posted a Pranam emoticon and an AUM emoticon too...

Maybe replacement of Indian tricolour with some other sign and expressing regret for the error was unintentional..


But I felt hurt.. 
Can an Indian ever feel sorry for having posted the sign of Indian Tricolour.. for whatever reason?

For me my India and her symbols are even more sacred than any religion or god..

I really do not know whether I am right in feeling so..
But I cannot think in any other way.

God is a great thing.. But the most solemn and proud thought I have as a human being is that India belongs to me and I belong to India..

When it comes to my India, everything else is unimportant..

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

इषे त्वा ऊर्जेत्वा ishe twaa oorje twaa...

A glorious life....

The dawn is just arriving.. 
The big red Orb of the most respected God of energy and hope, the Sun is just showing up.
Our forefather four to five thousand years ago had just woken up and started his daily routines.. 

He wants to offer respects to fire and kindle the fire for daily use.. 
He looks at the Palasa tree with dry twigs.. While collecting the twigs he is just telling them.. 
" I am collecting you for our material welfare.. to have large heaps of grain, and other things to sustain life.. 
I am collecting you to kindle the fire which would provide us energy.

Lovely cows, and calves, you get separated from one another so that the cows can go into open grounds and eat lush green grass
.. You get united again in our household when the calves drink your mother's milk to your hearts content..

May the great God Savita (the Sun) provide you with all you want because we cannot get own with our great endeavours in life unless you are doing and are providing your nectar for our purposes..

The first stanza of Yajurveda Samhita starts Like this.. 

इषे त्वा ऊर्जेत्वा वायवस्थ उपायवस्थ देवो वः सविता प्रार्पयतु श्रेष्ठतमाय कर्मणे॥
यजुर्वेदसंहिता॥
iṣe tvā ūrjetvā vāyavastha upāyavastha devo vaḥ savitā prārpayatu śreṣṭhatamāya karmaṇe||
yajurvedasaṁhitā||

इषे त्वा ऊर्जेत्वा for our food and for our energy ( it is implied that the prayer is addressed to the Palasa twigs, which the seeker collects for fire oblations)
वायव स्थ उपायव स्थ go to open places (vaayava ) and join back in the closed place ( in the household of the yajamana).. it is implied that the request is addressed to the cows and their calves.. the cows which are stationed in the backyards, have to go for grazing in the open air in the morning to come back in the evening.. the calves get separated from the mothers, to join them in the evening when they can have their hearts fill of mothers mill

श्रेष्ठतमाय कर्मणे for the great work and thorough procedure of various rites, (the products from the cow are a must )

देवो सविता the great Sun.. Savita 

वःप्रर्पयतु may He be pleased to make you capable of providing us with all our requirements..

I am sure everyone would have chanted this starting mantram of Yajurvedam ( both Krishna and Shukla)..
If we read the chant without keeping in mind the background, we would not be able to make head or tail of the mantra..
But great commentators have described the import very elegantly.. ( See commentaries of Sayana, Bhattabhaskara etc)

How simple life was then..

Just go around and collect twigs for fire offerings.. But when you collect the twigs you have to explain your purpose with great reverence to the mother tree.
The twigs when offered ceremonially on fire, bestow on us plentitude in essentials of life and at the same time provide us with energy..

The cows are sent to open pastors for grazing so that they would eat grass and provide us with milk and other products.. 

The calves cannot accompany the cows, because if the mother and the child are together, the latter would drink all the milk.. 
So the calf is restrained.. 
But then the man of Vedic times was not selfish..

He tells the mother and the calf that they can join together in his place where the calf will have sufficient milk to drink..

And the entire activity of that man in under the fond hope that he eternal Sun will brighten the lives of all around.. 

What a blissful prayer!
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Palasha.. the twigs are necessary for kindling ceremonial fire.. It is also called Chamata in kerala 
The botanical name of the tree with red flowers is Butea monosperma

अग्निमीळे पुरोहितं agnimeele purohitam....

अग्निमीळे पुरोहितं यज्ञस्य देवम् ऋत्विजं होतारं रत्न धातमम्

agnimīḻe purohitaṁ yajñasya devam ṛtvijaṁ hotāraṁ ratna dhātamam

1 -1-1 of Rigvedam.

We do not know whether this is the first Vedic Mantram uttered by man.. But it is placed as the first Mantram, in the First of the Vedas, namely Rigvedam.. as it has come to us..

This mantram is in praise of The God of Fire Agnideva

The worshipper is acutely conscious of the supremacy of the most potent force of nature that is manifest near him

He treats fire as the Primordial priest, who leads the mortals safely ahead in spiritual and temporal Life.(Purohita)
Of course, Agni is one of the deities who is offered His share in Yajnams by way of ghee and cooked grain and other offerings.. in addition Agni acts as the carrier of the offerings made to other Gods

Ritvik The official in the yajna who looks after the procedural aspects.
Hotaaram.. The official in the Yajna who invokes and invites the presence of deities who are being worshipped.
Ratnadhaatamam.. Repository of wealth.. and Agni is capable of making His worshippers too rich in wealth..

So the Plain meaning is 
I worship Agni who is the priest, the one who leads us from the front, who is the deity subject matter of a ritual, a yajna who is the one who makes the formal invocations in the yajna who is the source, storehouse and the bestower of all wealth, gems, precious stones etc 

A simple word analysis..
अहम् I
पुरोहितम् the priest, the one who leads us from the front
यज्ञस्य् देवम् the deity subject matter of a ritual, a yajna 
ऋत्विजम् the ritvik.. who conducts and supervises the procedures of Yajna
होतारम् the one who makes the formal invocations in the yajna रत्नधातमम् who is the source, storehouse and the bestower of all wealth, gems, precious stones etc 
अग्निम् The God of Fire Agni 
ईळे ईडे। Praise, takes side with praises and for refuge..
aham purohitam yajñasy devam ṛtvijam hotāram ratnadhātamam agnim īḻe īḍe |

Note.. This is a mantram which has been commented upon by the greats like Saynaacharya and Bhattabhaskara and others.. There are so many notations, so many implied meanings.. So what I wrote above is too rudimentary.

This post is just by way of introduction to a great subject in study of Sanskrit.. The Vedas..